Weight gain has been identified as one of the main causes of sleep apnea. The action of insulin in managing sugars through the cell membranes is reduced in people who are obese. The result is diabetes when glucose piles up in the bloodstream in excess of the body’s requirements. Thus in a lot of cases, overweight people have diabetes as well as suffer from sleep apnea.
The breathing passages or airways situated in the throats of obese people become narrow because there is too much of fatty deposits. The muscles in this region tend to slacken during sleep, causing the airway to close thereby obstructing the free flow of air.
Research over the years yield results that indicate if control is brought about in OSA, simultaneous control will come about in the glycemic content in the body. A consensus was also reached that the more the incidence of OSA in a person, the greater the chances of the person developing type 2 diabetes. In fact the chances for the person having both OSA and diabetes are three times more likely. Besides this, studies also show that sleep apnea is also related to hypertension, stroke etc. in a person.
Statistics show that 40% of people with sleep apnea (OSA) have diabetes. Physicians today are more concerned about this relation between OSA and diabetes and make it a point to check or evaluate the person for any one of these conditions when he presents himself with the other. Thus a person who consults a doctor complaining about sleep apnea can insist that his blood be screened for a diabetes check even if the doctor misses out on this. More attention should be paid to people who are obese.
What are the factors that relate diabetes with sleep apnea?
- It has been found that people with sleep apnea have excess production of the hormone cortisol in their body. This might in fact lead to insulin resistance and thereby glucose intolerance. These are typical pre-diabetic conditions which should be taken care of once noticed. Otherwise, it can ultimately lead to diabetes.
- In addition, sleep apnea is a condition known to create low oxygen levels that again can be a trigger to the development of diabetes.
Treatment with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) has produced a positive impact on people with sleep apnea, managing to bring considerable control to the condition. It consists of a contraption with a mask and a hose which is fixed on the persons face and it pushes air into the air passages thus keeping the airways open. Sleep apnea patients who benefited from this mode of treatment were found to have a decrease in their blood sugar levels as well.
Based on evidence collected from studies, it’s vital that people who have diabetes and show symptoms of sleep apnea like daytime drowsiness and constant, loud snoring should get help soon before any serious health implications set in. In fact there is also evidence suggesting the incidence of stroke with people presenting with OSA and diabetes.
People with obstructive sleep apnea often try out various contraptions and devices to help in controlling their condition. However they might not be able to tolerate some of them, so it’s not uncommon to seek help from a dentist. In fact the American Academy of sleep medicine recommends dental devices for those patients who complain of mild to moderate sleep apnea. Devices like CPAP are recommended for those suffering from severe OSA.
One of the commonly prescribed dental devices is the Mandibular Advancement Device (MAD) which is used to keep the airway open by forcing the lower jaw forward at the same time keeping it down slightly. Another contraption used is the tongue retraining device or the TRD which is in the form of a splint used to hold the tongue in place, again to open out the airway.
A sleep apnea patient can also opt for some orthodontic procedures like the rapid maxillary expansion. This involves placing a screw like device on the upper teeth which is found to help people with a narrow jaw line. It has to be tightened regularly. This is a nonsurgical procedure which reduces nasal pressure to a great extent thus facilitating easier breathing.
Going back to the dental devices, short term successes have been reported which may be an indication for long term relief. A periodical assessment of the device and replacement if required should be made. A lot of benefits have been noted in several cases, some of them are:
- Sounder sleep with few disturbances
- Better tolerance as compared to CPAP therefore better results
- Marked reduction in the frequency of snoring as well as in the loudness of snoring
Though better results have been found in people with mild to moderate sleep apnea, airflow is found to be considerably better in patients with severe sleep apnea.
One cannot overlook the disadvantages associated with these devices either. Commonly reported are
- Excessive salivation, discomfort in the mouth and teeth, dry lips and some amount of pain.
- Some irregularities in the position of teeth or jaw have been noticed on long term use.
- There are some rare cases where the sleep apnea may in fact worsen.
There are some dentists who are trained specifically in sleep medicine. Their knowledge and expertise is of great help to physicians in deciding the mode of treatment for people with sleep apnea. They make it a point to work with pulmonologists and general practitioners to get an in depth idea about the causes and features of sleep apnea exhibited by a particular patient. For this they observe tests like polysomnogram conducted on sleep apnea patients. Most sleep apnea dentists work in close collaboration with physicians because OSA is a medical condition and try to chart out a suitable regimen to be followed by the patient in order to control the condition.
Consult with the top San Diego dentists to find out options and procedures for curing sleep apnea.
The popularity of dental devices in treating sleep apnea has increased manifold lately and the good news is that insurance companies are willing to give coverage for fabricated dental contraptions used to counter sleep apnea.
When the normal breathing pattern is disturbed during sleep due to the collapse of upper airway, it is termed as sleep apnea. Different methods have been tried to cure or reduce it without marked results. One of the commonly practiced methods is CPAP or Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. Most of the devices and contraptions used to counter this disorder are not tolerated by the patient and shunned by most of them. Thus an alternative method devised is to play an aboriginal instrument called the Didgeridoo.
The didgeridoo is a cylindrical, wooden wind instrument which could be 3 to 10 feet in length played by the native folk of Northern Australia. The origin of the instrument can be traced back to 1500 years. It’s usually made out of eucalyptus or bamboo and the mouth piece is constructed out of beeswax. But today you can even construct a didgeridoo out of a PVC pipe with the aid of some duct tape!
Why do you think this instrument can help in controlling snoring? This is because it is played using a peculiar breathing technique known a circular breathing. To be specific, air is inhaled through the nose while expulsion is through the using the tongue and cheeks. If the air supply is continuous, it is possible for the player to produce a steady sound with his vibrating lips, which is in the form of a drone.
The circular breathing technique helps to strengthen the muscles of the upper airway, so that it might not collapse during sleep which is what usually happens with obstructive sleep apnea. Researchers on the subject have arrived at the conclusion that regular didgeridoo playing can in fact help in controlling moderate sleep apnea of the obstructive type to a considerable extent. Bed partners of those who practiced this instrument have reported less sleep disturbances. Thus day time sleepiness was also reduced.
Such a conclusion was arrived at by some Swiss researchers who identified 25 people suffering from moderate OSA and divided them into 2 groups namely a control group and a test group. The test group was put on regular didgeridoo lessons and continuous practice for 4 months. The test group reported a marked difference in their sleep apnea disorder though quality of sleep remained the same. Partners however, reported better sleep on their part with very less of disturbances.
Now, it’s too early to draw definite conclusions regarding the success of the instrument. For this, experiments need to be conducted on a wider patient group. A didgeridoo can in no way replace a modern CPAP machine or any other forms of therapy or contraptions for controlling sleep apnea for that matter. One thing is assured; there are no side effects to this method.
It\’s not necessary to get an original didgeridoo from Australia to aid in your sleep apnea problem for its cost can run into hundreds of dollars. In fact the instrument is available in plastic form in any music store. You can even order it online through an online music store and the cost comes up to just about $50.
Snoring is an extremely common phenomenon occurring among a large percentage of population, the causes of which are very often ignored altogether. The reason for snoring is attributed to the obstruction in free passage of air through the mouth and nose. Statistics show that snoring is rampant among people who are overweight .Shedding the extra flab may in fact be a cure to their snoring menace. Now, snoring can lead to serious health consequences if the person is diagnosed with sleep apnea. What constitutes sleep apnea?
When repeated pauses in breathing pattern occurs during sleep which can in fact last 10 seconds or in some cases even run into minutes, a diagnosis of sleep apnea may be made. It is confirmed through a process called ‘sleep study’ or polysomnogram. Generally sleep apnea is classified into three types namely
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): This is somewhat a life threatening condition which has to be taken quite seriously. What happens here is, every time the person tries to breathe, his throat is shut down with a sucking action. An effort to overcome this closure produces a gasping sound which is let out as a huge snore.
Central Sleep Apnea (CSA): In this form, the person does not initiate attempts to resume a normal breathing pattern. This is a condition commonly afflicting heart patients. CSA is usually noticed in patients who are extremely obese, heart patients and stroke patients. Those suffering from Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementias are also victims of this syndrome.
Mixed Sleep Apnea: This usually begins as a case of CSA and progresses onto a case of OSA when an attempt to resume breathing is actually made but the throat is sucked shut thus leading to obstruction in the upper airway.
It’s not necessary that all people who snore need suffer from sleep apnea but it’s necessary to watch out for the symptoms, most common among which are day time drowsiness. A lot of cases are identified by the person’s bed partner as well. Some other symptoms are
- Hypertension or high blood pressure
- Chest pain during the night
- Waking up in the morning with a splitting headache
- A marked decrease in libido
- Frequent pauses in breathing
- Difficulty in concentration
- Choking or Gasping breaths during sleep.
Persons suffering from the following conditions are normally prone to snoring and in most cases are victims of sleep apnea:
- A large percentage of people who are obese suffer from sleep apnea. However, there’s no dearth of thin people falling victim to this disorder either.
- Those suffering from any form of lung disease as well as those who have a large tongue or small jaw.
- Hormonal or endocrinal disorders like hypothyroidism.
- Certain medications capable of inducing sedation and also alcohol.
Snoring is also found among children, more so among those who have large adenoids in their throats or have abnormally sized tonsils. It is also common among the elderly because age causes throat and tongue muscles to relax causing them to fall back or collapse into the airway thus causing an obstruction in free air passage. Its best to consult a doctor to rule out sleep apnea in these cases.
Sleep Apnea Syndrome – A condition that needs proper diagnosis and treatment
Today people are living a life which is busy and stress filled. Apart from this there are also a number of lifestyle diseases which are now taking over the lives of people. However, there are some conditions which may not seem very severe but its effects on the people are life threatening. One such condition is Sleep Apnea syndrome which is caused due to irregular breathing while sleeping. This is also one reason for snoring and hence should not be overlooked.
This is a sleep condition which can affect people of almost all age groups. Children as old as 3 years and adults as old as 70 years old can be the victims of this condition. This condition is quite common among middle aged people and overweight people. In this condition snoring is a commonly seen along with excessive sleepiness. This leads to lack of concentration and alertness in the person. Sleep apnea in children can lead to SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome).
In this syndrome, the airway passage is obstructed and hence the lungs do not receive oxygen. When a person sleeps the throat muscles relax and due to this the tongue falls back obstructing or blocking the airway passage. It is known fact that inhalation is the only way for the body to get its oxygen supply. Inhalation happens through the nose and the air reaches the lungs via the airway passage. This leads to lack of oxygen in the brain and also causes changes in the blood pressure. Since the mechanism is controlled by the brain, the signals to the muscles are sent by the brain and regulated by the electrical activity of the brain. When such a disturbance occurs the signal pattern is affected and this in turn affects the breathing. This causes the person to wake up gasping for breath, thus affecting the sleep cycle. Sleep Apnea syndrome has been known to cause unexplained weight gain and hypertension in few people.
There are a number of cures now available commercially in the market to curb this condition. The sleep apnea masks and mouthpieces are extremely helpful as they help keeping the condition under control. The mouthpieces are dental devices and they help hold the tongue so that it doesn’t fall back and cause the obstruction. The sleep apnea masks are mainly used with the Continuous Positive airflow pressure machine. However, before taking any medication it is important to check with the doctor and take his advice. This will ensure that the sleep apnea treatment is effective and gives the patients proper benefits.
The most common symptoms of this condition include early morning headache, excessive sleepiness, behavioural changes, depression, lack of attentiveness and alertness, poor memory, sexual dysfunction, snoring and lack of energy to do the day to day chores. Proper management of this condition is essential, if not it can be life threatening. Hence it is important to see that the condition is diagnosed and managed well so that the person can lead a normal life.
Sleep Apnea is a common problem which is seen in a lot of people. However, most people suffering from this condition are unaware of it. It is a serious condition and should be tackled and handled well. Sleep apnea means pause in the regular breathing patterns. In this condition the breathing pattern is paused and resumed again after a time gap.
The duration of this time gap is important to determine, in case the time gap is more it can lead to serious problems. These problems mainly arise since the brain is deprived of oxygen and also the blood pressure is affected. These associated conditions can have a severe effect on the health of the person. Apart from this improper sleep can lead to sleepiness during the day and hence there is lack of attention and alertness. When one sleeps the throat muscles relax and this leads the tongue to fall back causing obstruction in the airway passage. This leads to snoring and apnea which is not just disturbing to the patient but also people around him or her.
This is also known to cause the Sudden Infant Death syndrome or SIDS in children. It is also known and research and studies suggest that people suffering from obesity and who smoke and drink frequently are more susceptible to sleep apnea. The main reason and cause for this condition is the relaxation of the throat muscles. The tongue falls backward and hence obstructs the airway passage. This deprives the lungs of the supply of oxygen that it should get. This leads to a number of problems since the oxygen supply to the vital organs is hampered. This most often causes the person to wake up gasping for breath and hence the sleep is also disturbed. It is a well known fact that inhalation is the only source of oxygen and hence any obstruction or disturbance in the same can have life threatening effects.
Breathing is a mechanism which is controlled by the brain and hence to initiate this mechanism the brain has to send signals to the parts of the body. This cycle then initiates the action of the muscles which is regulated by the electrical activity in the brain. Any disturbance in these signals will cause breathing difficulty and make the person gasp for breath, hence affecting the sleep cycle. In the long run this sleep disorder will cause problems since the person can’t concentrate on his or her work and will lack concentration and alertness. These may also lead to unexplained weight gain and hypertension in certain people.
Treatment for sleep apnea depends on the symptoms and severity of the condition. There are a number of appliances available in the market which will help control this condition. However, it is recommended that the person consults a doctor and then takes treatment for the same. There are a number of sleep apnea mouthpieces and masks available which help in curbing this problem to a certain extent.
Using A Mouthpiece To Control Sleep Apnea
After a busy day’s work one needs a good night’s sleep so that it can refresh them for the following day. A good night’s sleep is essential for a lot of reasons and mainly for good health. Sleep not just rests the mind and the body, it also helps prepare the body for the next day’s work. However, there are a lot of people who suffer from an improper sleep. One such condition is sleep apnea which is a common sleep disorder but is also a very common cause for a lot of health problems.
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder and is caused mainly due to the obstruction in the airway passage. This is one of the prime reasons for snoring in many people. Sleep apnea is a condition where there is a pause in the breathing pattern. This apnea causes breathing to cease for a few seconds and resumes again. This mainly happens when the person is fast asleep and so most times is completely unaware of his or her condition. The increase in apnea duration is very dangerous and hence it is very important to curb and control it.
One method to control sleep apnea is the use of a sleep apnea mouthpiece. This is considered to be an effective treatment for people suffering from sleep apnea. The use of the sleep apnea mouthpiece does not eliminate the condition but definitely reduces its effect on the body. Hence this apparatus is extremely beneficial to those people who are suffering from this condition.
The Sleep apnea mouthpiece is a dental appliance and is made up of plastic. This is fixed in the lower jaw and the tongue so that it avoids the obstruction in the airway passage. Whenever we sleep, the muscles of the throat relax and hence the tongue falls backward resulting in the blockage of the airway passage. This mouthpiece is used mostly at night and is fixed inside the mouth on the lower jaw. It is slid on the lower jaw forward, thus elevating the soft palate. The elevation of the soft palate ensures that airway passages are unobstructed and hence a proper airflow is maintained. These mouthpieces are also used to reduce snoring hence are also known as snore reducing mouthpieces. Tough these sleep apnea mouthpieces are commercially available one may get customized ones from orthodontists and dentists. Therefore their prices also vary from individual to individual.
There are a number of types of sleep apnea mouthpieces and these are preferred to the Continuous positive airway pressure machine since these mouthpieces are much easier to use and at the same time much more effective as well as cost effective. However, the two major types of mouth apnea mouthpieces are Mandibular Advancement Appliance which is used to tackle snoring and sleep disorder problems. This is one of the easiest to use and hence very popular among people.
The other type is the Tongue Retainer; this is mainly designed to restrict the tongue from falling back when asleep. It holds the tongue forward and is hence helps in making sure that the airway is not blocked. It is slightly uncomfortable and hence not preferred by people
Sleep Apnea is a common problem seen in people of all ages. It is also commonly known as Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. This condition mainly occurs due to the upper airway blockage or obstruction which occurs during sleep. This condition is related with reduced blood oxygen saturation. Apnea means cessation of breathing, during sleep apnea breathing ceases for a few seconds before resuming. The occurrence of sleep apnea is mainly because of lack of oxygen, accumulation of acid in the blood and increased pressure on the brain stem
Apnea in children can be harmful since it causes irregularities in heartbeat, decreased contractile force of the heart muscle and high blood pressure. Sleep apnea has also been associated with some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Obesity in children can also be a contributing factor.
The most common symptoms include excessive sleepiness during the day and also recurrent episodes of obstructed and congested breathing during the sleep. In most cases the person suffering from this is completely unaware of his condition and this symptom. The other related features for this condition include snoring, restless sleep, excessive perspiration during sleep, severe bedwetting, chest retraction during sleep in children, morning headaches and sleeping with the mouth open which causes dry mouth on awakening.
This condition is serious and needs immediate attention and consultation from the doctor. In an undiagnosed condition sleep apnea causes behavior, development and learning problems. All these lead to interpersonal relationship problems too. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, the condition is categorized as mild, moderate and severe.
The children are usually made to undergo a polysomnography to diagnose this problem. This is a painless test and involves monitoring of the brain waves, respiration, oxygen level in the blood, eye movement and muscle tension. Along with this audio testing is also done to check for snoring and gasping.
In children this condition is treated by removing the adenoids or tonsils. However, the problem stays on in spite of removal of tonsils in certain children; such children are treated with C-PAP (Continuous positive airway pressure). The C-PAP is not a ventilator and is used merely to keep the airway passage open so that it doesn’t obstruct the breathing. It is a machine which blows air into the nose through a nose mask. It is an easy to use machine and one does not require any nursing expertise to use this machine. One can easily find this machine at any kid’s health organization.
This condition can be tackled well with proper medication and advice from the doctor. It is important to get this condition diagnosed since the problems associated with it can be life threatening and can also cause a lot of other problems including depression. Lack of proper sleep will affect the child’s performance in school and in the long run cause problems like low confidence. Sleepiness during the day will result in affected attention and alertness and hence will make the child feel lethargic and lazy. Sleep Apnea in children needs to be managed efficiently so that the child can lead a routine normal life.
Sleep apnea is a breathing disorder that occurs mostly in infants. This condition stops the baby from breathing for a period and may cause death if prolonged. Sleep apnea in babies occurs to babies below the age of one year. This condition can be severe if experienced to babies who have had other medical conditions. Premature babies are also at a greater death risk.
Sleep apnea in babies is quite dangerous. The symptoms for apnea in babies include pause in the breathing rhythm. This may last for some time and may leave the baby struggling for more air. The baby may experience snoring which is loud than normal snoring. A baby will be seen breath through the mouth instead of breathing through the nose. If the conditions get severe, the baby skin color becomes pale or bluish. However, if the baby has not had any medical conditions, the apnea should not be a worry. With time, the condition will rectify as the child grows up.
Birth defects are the great causes of sleep apnea in babies. This is a condition where the baby is born with some abnormalities on the face. A condition like the receding chin may see the breathing system minimized. Enlarged tonsils and adenoids may cause blocked of airways. Incase the mother of the child experiences difficulties during delivery, it may cause internal bleeding on the baby’s brain. This will cause the baby to experience poor air circulation. There are several ways to prevent sleep apnea in babies. First, mothers need to seek a doctor soon they learn that their babies are experiencing apnea. The doctor will help determine whether it is a normal condition or requires medication. Mothers need to ensure that their baby’s sleeping zone is clean and free from dust. They need also to ensure good sleeping position to allow free air circulation.
Sleep apnea exercises are very simple
It is very disgusting to sleep with a person who is suffering from sleep apnea. They may end up sleeping for a few hours or not sleeping at all. Sleep apnea in most cases is because of over weight. A very fat person is likely to suffer from this problem. In such a case, the person should try to reduce his or her weight in order to overcome the disease. He or she can loose weight by adapting the best methods of loosing weight. Walking is the simplest way he or she can adapt top loose his or her weight. Engaging in some activities like swimming is also very helpful in controlling the sleep apnea. This is because while swimming the person learns how to control his or her breathing symptoms.
The other sleep apnea exercises include the throat exercise, singing yawning and jaw chewing. These exercises can help a person to over come the sleep apnea. The person should regularly do the exercises for a quick respond and better result. The invention of the new machine is also contributing in reducing the number of patients. This machine is very powerful and helps a person to control his or her breathing at night. Deep breathe is another exercises that help a person to overcome his or her sleep apnea.
Sleep apnea exercises are very simple and require someone to be willing and ready to exercise. Sleep apnea is very serious can it can lead to stroke, heart attack and daytime sleepiness. These diseases are very serious and can lead to death. In case of daytime sleepiness, it means that a person cannot work during the day. The person ends up as nonproductive person in the society. It is therefore very important that the person take the necessary precautions to over come this disease. Do a lot of exercise and overcome the sleep apnea. It is very possible try it today and be free from sleep apnea.